HEALTH & NUTRITION

HISTORY

The artichoke ( Cynara scolymus ) is one of the world’s oldest vegetables. Native to the Mediterranean region, it was first grown in eastern Africa and then made its way to Europe via Egypt. Images of artichokes are found on ancient Egyptian papyri and on sacrificial altars. The ancient Egyptians discovered that the artichoke leaf was valuable as a digestive aid, making it a ‘’noble’’ vegetable only to be consumed by the nobility and rich. European royalty enjoyed artichokes with enthusiasm because they were believed to possess aphrodisiac properties

Bell peppers have been cultivated for more than 9000 years, with the earliest cultivation having taken place in South and Central America. While the name PEPPER

Was given to this food by European colonizers of North  America who first came across it in the 1500-1600’s and then transported it back to Europe, the original name for this food in Spanish was pimiento

Bell pepper is one of the vegetables in the nightshade ( Solanaceae ) family, and a cultivar group of the species Capsicum annuum.

The tomato history has origins traced back to the early Aztecs around 700 A.D
Tomato may refer to both the plant (Solanumlycopersicum) and the edible, typically red, fruit which it bears. Originating in South America, the tomato was spread around the world following the Spanish colonization of the Americas
Most Europeans thought that the tomato was poisonous because of the way plates and flatware were made in the 1500’s. Rich people in that time used flatware made of pewter, which has a high-lead content

Foods high in acid, like tomatoes, would cause the lead to leech out into the food, resulting in lead poisoning and death. Poor people, who ate off of plates made of wood, did not have that problem, and hence did not have an aversion to tomatoes. This is essentially the reason why tomatoes were only eaten by poor people until the 1800’s. Most likely the first variety to reach Europe was yellow in color, since in spain and Italy they were known as pomid’oro, meaning yellow apples. Italy was the first to embrace and cultivate the tomato outside South America. The French referred to the tomato as pommes d’amour, or love apples, as they thought them to have stimulating aphrodisiacal properties.